Spokanisch Archief  

Ef recr ocrma fes rofly-wefot-spoknda


Plfe Kerido-Jst
eft rtycla mip Lngr+Tibn 7-1 (1993)

Fes dena rtycla Plfe Kerido-Jst qulape ef rofly-wefot-spokndaex ef nittpiy, den pronunsere ef roji r, jacjol fes eft vokel n eft lelpiru cnsonent, blmtiy furt mittof vokel; fitfara painelira fry ef sgema VrC > rVC. Mittof enter melde ki eft vober rifo metatesiy, t poate querdoeliran fesbindosz. Lf ef zempers 1987 ur 1988 blul enn perst informerrs fes Nutter-Ales spolelije, ytende meldelira pnze eft qu riy sv fjy rifo ef qurstoxuriys, ef dalet-chaquindatjens chalfelira yargeloh mittof metatesiy. Mittof qulapp, lyt indoniy pai quandro Kerido-Jst, kerru indoniy pai groft clegje Eleonora Santarem, luftprare eft jedos furt ki eft oras molef terat stderafiy lef pert wuftas frpj ef wefot-spoknda-dalets fes Liftka, cralove t fes dur nats naponto-1994, hs ros Kvrta ber Hoggebim. Plfe Kerido-Jst melde kolester furt dialektoliy fes ef Stat-Universitiy ber Zest er 1980.


Blul xliffaenelije fes lftquar stebes ef roji [r] fes pert lngrs fes Urapas. Fes ef rlo enelant-dalets qu mittof grr sen redusere tukst eft v, fara qu ef melde blmtiy furt eft lelpiru cnsonent, ur kerru fes ef mrkalant ur ef nelant tek reduko crchof'te fes ef rlo wuxe-mux; menokka ef r drue fara kult [], fitfara fes ef mrkalandes wufta Tr (pluzari [tu]), kerru menokka ef r melde pij koffon, fitfara fes ef nelandes schrijven (pluzari [sgve]).
K jeklbos kettelira iemze fes ef kerru spoknda. Fes ef rlo mantas fes Spooksoliy ef r sen redusere tukst eft frenvu rifo v, fitfara fes furt [fut], me eft lelpiru cnsonent sompe ef. Blul cnsiderelije mittof pronunset lo hudelira pip lf gopirus decadiys, ltiy ef purfil pronunseros enn ef precnsonentise r, fitfara hftere fes Lurgiy-Berref, pnze eft riyfain vluf daletiy (pek "hudelira oiba") status ralfort. Ef tradionela rao-r, meldelira alt nutatt ber Hirdo, ur meldolira kva nutatt tearkiy vja ef rao (janof ef bent rao-strlsta meldo mean Hirdo) dira kafcentelije ralfort pai perts na eker, blul di pronunserilomije mittof tiyn fes eft lak-tindelira xloe-muxecr surrondos.

Fes querdoeliran wefot-spokndaiyn dalets ef precnsonentise r zaallove pij, kurrelira beri quefe mbiguiyn wuftas. Blul kurre beri fjy-kettelije pana tjg gopirus ovsta l surrondelira Xemn (eft mliy-wefot-spokndaiy varierer): ef wuftas mit ur mirt drue fara perdrs [mit]. Ef wuftas cos ur kors drue fara perdrs [kos], ur mittof mefre den ef o-ecr diftngao, presr-molaiy crchof'telira tjg ef krab rifo ef pirzof r, fara trtole fes mittof manta, ef r meltilme ra koffon. Ef wuftas pute ur purte drue fara perdrs [pute] ber Xemn. Ur purte ma drue fara montiy kaf putte fes ef lak rifo ef mliy-wefot-spokndaiy manta, kusami ef r-tijplaos quggilme eft vokel-mintepotos.

Nert ice gress zefa terat armt ef perdr wlc qurstoxuriys: eftovap meldelira eft purfil r, ur lelpirovap idem eft pij lnt r m ef pronunseros. Gazete ral gress eft tiraner javobaros, fitfara chalf fes ef rofly-wefot-spoknda, fitfara chaquint fes Nutter-Liftka tvokatiy ef ileset Mantahynne (gress me ef pjlt dalet tjg WS). Fes mittof are eft precnsonentise r qume eft jalo'ifelira metatesiye, mefrelira cncrett, den ef r pnze prevokelise.
Fitfara painelira, ef zrempje ef sompat ovsta: purte drue fara [prute]; kerp drue fara [krep]; grpiy idem s [grp]; Prfs idem s [prfs]; Trsviyc idem s [trsvk]. [1]

Tej mittof metatesiy nert crchof'te micaami. Riffe kusamintof gress eft m'eos-toram, hojelka ef metatesiy letre ni dus niye. Gress zloffare ki ef stnts, fes mit ef r n ef pirzof cnsonent letre fes ef fraji meldelira qu wufta (ef kerru neterpamiyn nosamarsta ryle qu ef). Ef metatesiy fara nert lelperre ef progrm, eft wufta-fini sen wfersencilme ra ja ef r ur ef pirzof cnsonent. Pek ef mto ef bergo ber X drue fara [ef brego ber k], tre kv fara *[ef brego bre k]. Pek ef metatesiy fes qu ef furtplaa ber nert ker letre, iftam ef r fes qu ef tiyn meltilme precnsonentise lef ef fonetise bjafniy (ef r sompelije af pai eft x). Fes terpamiyn nosamarsta ef filsto tte beri mannare alo eft kerru wufta-fini-fnko: tr-pt tinkerec kv *[trpt], tur trko tinkerec jazy iftam [trko]. Ef distingao ja "terpamiy" ur "neterpamiy", stus perkelira beri hanntele fes ef spoknda-syntx ytende meldelira kurre beri vro'egie p-trusske ef srtos enn ef klmarers ur ef vobaros enn ef plurull, melde pek kerru istjo frpj ef dalet-progrm furt eft fonologise enter fitfara metatesiy. Gress lelperre ef aerunel, den ef literaturiy, revertelira fara antrn ef distingao "terpamiy"-"neterpamiy", kalmbije lendiy mittof fonologise cstierpse.

Futtof gress qulape ki ef m'eosz, na mit ef metatesiy posiblae oft nestiye, gress kettavy bent na ef nittpiy, ef diftngao rifo ef ur s ef o, qum tjg ef krab rifo eft pirzof r, tindelira fes wenct os ef metatesiy!


fjy 1

Ef wufta kors drue fes WS ltiy fara [krs], ur prsa drue fara [prsa]. Sest tiyn jufte ef cmbinao r [jer]: ef -ecr tersylabise carakterr tinde fes wenct fara ef klynst r cralove blmtiy furt ef yargeloh ef metatesiy. Pek grs tinkere [grjes] tre *[grs], ur crfros tinkere [krjefros] tre *[krfros].
Lo knfe, fes ef cmbinao qu, ef u sen pronunsere fara []: quiyr [kwr], qums [kms], qurk [kk]. Ral ef melde remarces, ef u wencatelira sener pronunset [], fara pana flclelije pai ef r mintof ef metatesiy. Dus kirro stunne fti na ef cmbinao [k], tur s [kr]: qurk tinkere dus [krk], ur Hequrj idem [hekrj].

Ef dublaos rifo eft pstvokelise cnsonent mefre cr fes ef xloe-mux is s WS, den ef blmtiy vokel sen pronunsere lef mintepotos, fitfara fes putte [pu:te]. Sen-reppelira, mittof jufte al frpj eft dublaor n pstvokelise r: kurre [ku:re] oft ozyrrkette [ozy:rke:te]. Mittof vokel-mintepotos tinde fes wenct kerru mintof ef metatesiy: pek torrs [tr:s], kerrpaine [kre:pawine], ozyrrkette [ozry:ke:te].
Remarce-grse, fes [tr:s] ef vokel-mintepotos tindalira fes wenct wnta, tur ef diftngao idem lilepiy.
Presr-molaiy vokel-mintepotos letre bzovy luft ki vokels, mit sompelije bt pai ch [], [], h [h], qu [k], [] ur x []/[k]. Fara ef antrn tiyn melde eft mintepotor vokel bt furt eft r, ur mittof r sen ampe frpj ef posio pai metatesiy, vokel-mintepotos tinde fes wenct kerru bt furt ch, , h, qu, ur x. se-grse Terrch [te:r] n [tre:], Nequrre [nek:re] n [nekr:e], tarre [ta:re] n [tra:e], qurrqute [k:rkte] n [kr:kte], ur se-grse epurrx [epu:r] n [epru:].

Ef wencatos rifo qu ef tergrrs [] ur [] fes r ur or, ur s qu ef tersylabise [je] fes r, melde tu plks rviyn den qu ef diftngao ur qu ef tersylabesmiy lelperre ftiy fti eft eksistere-rigt, draiy ef pstvokelise r zaallove pai ef metatesiy: diftngao ur tersylabesmiy sena sompe af direcc pai mittof r-ecr hat. Palles ef pronunset [] minkr eft q, ur ef mintepotor pronunset blmtiy furt eft dublaor cnsonent noi sena sompe direcc pai ef fonologise egetiyns, mittof q oft mittof cnsonent-dublaos ovelira: ef stindos enn eft q (ziym enn eft c oft k) ur ef dubla stindos enn eft cnsonent, melde tuffianto rtografise nziys, ytende meldelira ekspresere ef grr [] ur ef vokel-mintepotos, ur fara ef r sen ampe frpj ef posio pai metatesiy, ur tenne blul quglelije mittof rtografise crtiros lo nepainelira, ef pronunset rifo ef u oft s ef mintepotor vokel krabelije blul fes nf vluquos wysz. Ef mintepotor vokelsex presr-molaiy nert kurros beri sompelije pai ef grr-grups ch, , h, qu, ur x lelperre eft historise raagiy, tre mittof nert kaflatelije pai ef fonologise egetiyns rifo mittof sers grr-grups. [2]

Fes gopirus kanasz rifo ef WS-are (surronts rifo Dreumn, Laffenet ur Xeno) eft jeklbos melde den dira diftngere ef e helkara [], pana di sompilomije pai eft j, fara oxoddos: Pejo [pjo]. me ef metatesiy rifo ef r mefre den ef vokel sompelije ral pai eft j (pek Vrj > rVj), mittof diftngao crchof'te al, fara oxoddos: sperjt tinkere [sprjt] ur Merja tinkere [mrja]. Ber Amer (eft zeces fes ki eft districa, fes t mittof diftngao melde pij neknf) eft informerr zro, t cnfronterelije blul kaf ef pronunset [sprjt], ur do enn ef [] nert interpretere lo eft diftngeror e, tur iftam do remarco, fry do [sprjt] wakklelira eft zjut varierer rifo [sprjet]. Dus ltiy do enn ef wufta sprt ker luftreppe fara xloe-vobaros, mittof wufta nert eksisterilme.

Luft daletiyn wuftas, stus mtelira crstiym fes ef WS-are, ef nert kettelira nalalve riyfain, l qu ef cmbinao [rC] sen sompe pai metatesiy, kerru iftam l blul kurrelije beri oblskre qu fe fitfara "labora". Fit ber Crelco stus enn ef painer [pre] recorde fes ef mefros fara "ef rae kaf ef nurp". Janof blul minkedelije flme ef varierer *[pre], tje fes lelpiru dalets frn fes ef xloe-mux, nert r baso melde den kirro amifftre, mittof painerecr bas-vobaros meldelira *pre , ur kirro geldre beri cnkludere, Ef Crelco-dalet tiffelira ef painer pre. Tej, kusamifuttof blul nalalvalije, ef diftngao tjg ef krab rifo eft r tindelije fes wenct kerru mintof metatesiy. Ef supstantiviy [frsa] mefre "helle" (xloe-mux), ur blul uelije fe generl ber Troebasrt ur roffot zecesz. Ef -ecr diftngao melde eft indikao, ef r giffelira ftiy blef ef, ur ef bas-vobaros perkelira beri melde iftam frsa, ur noi *frsa. [3]

Kusamiluft ef melde mesa beri risne, dalet-chaquindatjens fara keldelira menokka eft plthudelira vobaros, ps tracilme ra den chaquinde hudelira spoknda. Dus ps qugle eft toxre metatesiy lo nepainelira. Ber Ygge-zeces stus enn ef sompat klgt recorde: [ke:ts] fara pltqufos furt krettsiy. Ber Xt stus recorda: [pke] fara pltqufos furt priyke, ur [fersko] fara plthudelira vobaros furt fresko. Fes mittof aiyk klgt ef qulapatjen muo calyje eft purfil r ziym ef chentamiy v! Ef informerr traco, den qugle ef toxre metatesiy lo nepainelira wnta, tur den imitere tran eft toxre tjst rao-r ur lilepiy, frpj janof do melde mip eft vray, sen kurrolira beri tge velk quista ef quritt rao-strlsta rifoliy Hirdoe (ef informerr meldo 83 zempers yss, fes ef qulappecr fort).

Ral ef melde fort beri inventarisere, hojelkami blul iemzelije ni dus niye eft metatesiy. Fara eft mennregliss stus xuriymec, metatesiy letrelira ne'ma fes ksent-tinelira trojs, pek iftam fes farte [frate], tre fes fartelira *[fratelira].
Pek iftam fes prpos [prpos], tre fes prpsta *[prpsta]. Ef wuftas fartelira ur prpsta drue fara [fatelira] respekteffiy [ppsta] fes ef wmagen pij n qulapor are, taufen menokka kerru ef v tijbytec pij, pek [fatelira] ur [ppsta]. [4] Ef vecr tijbytos (lek: pij tijplaos rifo ef r) loke eftovap eft iolektise kaflatos, tur lelpirovap kerru ki srts kettelira prabare, fes mit ef loke vluf eft daletiy varierer, fitfara ump ef wefot-xijera ja Jedenfals ur Polefi, ur isolerx ber Troeba a/e Ses, ef zeces l t quandro gress melde.
Janof mittof kanas rifo ef wefot-xijera kliy znyntelije pai ki ef dunje-temp, t melde fes ef srtos publiyc fara Kamo-temp, ue gress mittof quanka, ytende meldelira wie ki ef kanas rifo ef qulapor are, fes t ef precnsonentise r idefarte pij, fara ef metatesiy trtole. Kerru ef zeces Troeba a/e Ses lelperre kusamiluft ef progrm.

Qu ef mennregliss, kusami japain, nert tte beri tiffe ef tvokas, ur mintof ef chalfos rifo qu ef, velk gopirus dussrtiyn reglie kanasecos luft ef. Brepbent, metatesiy crchof'te kv fara pana quefe eft "neposibla" grr-grup. Ef lenta "neposibla" mefre: nert letrelira fes ef spokndaiy fonoliy. [5] Bent kirro lone sener kalmba kaf ef grr-grups, coarelira ten cnsonents, ur tiffe dus ef sompat neposibla cnsonent-cmbinaa: *[r], *[Dr], *[r], *[hr], *[jr], *[r], *[wr], *[r] ur *[Tr].

Ef metatesiy, quefelira "net-oskiyn" grr-grups, letre menokka iftam menokka noi. Lef ef lent "net-oskiy" kirro splnje ef cmbinaa [lr], [nr], [mr] ur [sr]. Remarce-grse, den ef grat fes (net-)osker rifo mittof grr-grups qurtelije, beri prpnere, pai ef posio, ps sencelira fes ef wufta. Fit [lr] letre bzovy fes ef wufta-finn, pek blul albelije ki ef metatesiy, t quefe mittof grr-grup fes ef wufta-finn: lardos pek noi tinkere *[lrados], tur tolardos tinkere ment iftam [tolrados]. Fit lerk nert tinkere *[lrek], tur colrte tinkere alo iftam [kolrte]. Ef bugos beri kaflaane metatesiy fara mittof quefe [lr] melde fes ef zutter kanas rifo ef qulapor are hupster oiba dus fes ef lak rifo ef. Ber Moleije, Xals ur s Afarcal, nert r informerr kettolira minkede, t chalfo pana. Palles ber Crelco ur s Jannen, ef rlo informerrs nert lelperro ef rhaps frpj ef grr-grup [lr]. Ber surrondelira Troebasrt, ur fes oiba cnsideros kerru fes kost dres zeces Troeba a/e Ses, menokka ef bugos tte beri eksistere, den stus pronunsere ef grr-grup [lr] fara [r:]: pek ef l pnze koffon, ur kusamiluft ef r sen mintepote: fit ber Troeba a/e Ses stus kurro beri nute ef pronunset [kr:te] [6] furt colrte. Kaftare-grse kerru ef diftngao rifo ef o, tjg ef krab rifo ef klynst r!

Frpj ef grr-grup [nr], nem sen prabare kaf ef kelbra, mittof kurre beri cnsiderelije blul lo eft kfencatos er rifo [lr]: [lr] hyra albelije blul fes ef wufta-finn, ur hyra posiblae fes ef wufta-lurgiy, [nr] alpilomije blul fes ef wufta-lurgiy, tur chalfilomije blul tevi fes ef wufta-finn. Pek norte tinkere [nrte], tur gvnarsex nert tinkere *[gvnrasek]. Ef distribuo rifo [lr] n [nr] fes eft wufta g ef metatesiy kette ltiy n mittof grr-grupecr distribuo fes nexizjiyn wuftas. Eft nijo metatesiy sen recorde ber ki Glagv, ber t eft informerra pronunsero ef wufta nar-film fara [nrafilm]. Eup ker oblskro ef r lo precnsonentise, ef pirzof f rylarilme ftiy eft lelpiru wufta. Kusamiluft ef melde mesa beri remarce, den blul albelije ef metatesiy pordel riyfain, fara ef chaquindatjen sen abarite eft wufta-fini, tu-vrk, fitfara ef r melde ef aiyk cnsonent rifo ef re wufta, ur ef pirzof cnsonent idem ef rtef grr rifo ef klynst wufta. Kerru luft terpamiyn nosamarsta fara nar-film, ef rlo chaquindatjens sen tte beri abarite ef coaros rifo tek wufta-fini. Fes kult qulapp ef vrk crlnaro ne'ma fes ef hm, fes t blul lnselije qu wufta-finis, ur fes t qu efs krabecos ef metatesiy.
Fitfara kirro reppa pip fes ef finne rifo mittof rtycla, kirro sena paina jojelkimiym tukst rC-grups feski ef wufta.

Furt ef net-oskiyn grr-grups [mr] n [sr] nert ef fesbindos jufte, den blul albelije ef metatesiy fara mittof grups giffe fes ef wufta-finn. Kerru ral wet ef bugos beri chalfe metatesiy meldo tom hupster fes ef zutter kanas rifo ef are. Qu ef isoglsas furt mittof frenvu rifo metatesiy ur qu efs furt ef [lr]-metatesiy zre fes ef monta smyl. Fit ber Marafaniy ur s Crelco, morg drue fara [mrg], tur ber Xals, locteelira zutter terat, idem fara [mg]. Ef wufta srf drue palles fara [srf] fes ef pij districa. Ef varierer [sf], meldelira chentamiy kaf Kamo-temp (noimeldos rifo metatesiy, ur eft koffon n precnsonentise r) minkedelije flme blul, prchk janof ef tiynelder sf eksistere pip fara daletiy varierer rifo sef. Giynsamintof gress kurarevente velk ef qurstoxuriy l stus alpec metatesiy, denerami mittof quefui eft mbiguitiy.

Qu metatesiy tinde pasoami zloffiy armt ki ef klgts, fes mit qu pana quefe eft rC-grup mip tuffianto ten stabs. Kerru hupster terat grr-grups sena geldre beri sompe pai metatesiy (crlo mefrelira eft ocheros rifo ef r armt eft pip coarelira grr-grup). Fit fes ef pij are, pnvertse sen pronunsero fara [pnvretse], ur gress kafstintog ral, ber Iji-zeces ur s Xt ef cmbinao [vr] druelira fara [br], wnta fara [vr] sen sompe pai metatesiy, tur fes cradef wuftas lilepiy. Kerru kusami [vl] drue fara [bl]. Stus ef pirzof wuftas recorde beri prpnere: vreste [breste], vlazze [bla:ze], bavriy [babr] oft [babr], idevlazze [idebla:ze]. Mittof noftatos rifo [v] helkara [b] tte beri melde eft krab rifo ef pegreviy, stus chaquindelira fes mittof manta ovapiy ef spoknda.

Uta jufte: ef grr-grup melde o cmpleksa, stus chalfe ef metatesiy je noi tevi. Ef lenta "cmpleksa" melde frpj gress cr ef nmp rifo cnsonents fes ef grr-grup is ef frenvu rifo cmbinao. Mntyos-velp metatesiy iemzelije blul luft fara oxoddos: skrbiyk [skrbk], sprp [sprp], pnvertse [pnvretse], mpar [mpra], lntersex [lntresek] ur Kiylpertiy [klpret]. Fes mittof cradef klgts metatesiy quefe eft grr-grup, pip meldelira eft generl letrelira element fes ef spokndaiy fonoliy.
Ef vobaros enn grr-grups fes ef wufta-finn arfine ment helkara mntyosz, messe fara ef r flclare pai l, m, n oft s s: Plerc tinkere kv *[plrek], snerf tinkere kv *[snref] ur tmertas idem kv *[tmretas].
Ef metatesiy tygtjaelije kerru pai eft v fes ef finne-grr-grup: gvrce tinkere kv *[gvrke] (tur: vrje tinkerec iftam [vrje]!).

Blul ksepterelije ef metatesiyex quefos enn ef grr-grup [str] fes ki dalets n iolektiys, fes mit str sen pronunsere fara [str] fara fit truf, pek: strgte tinkerog [strgte] ur pstersex tinkerog [pstresek]. Sest vobarsta sen recorde kat luft qufaa informerrs (liftkar terat dus 60 zempers). Mittof vray pronunsere str hito velk fara [str], fitfara ef jufte pij Spooksoliy. Ef jo lelperre vuff ef bugos beri redusere str tukst [st], fittof ef metatesiy quefe ef r-ex ef lidefartos. Fes ef pij qulape-are rkamr terat informerrs reppo pordel riyfain [stgte] ziym [strgte], oft [pstesek] ziym [pstresek]. Stus oblsekec mittof pronunset fara eft sompos rifo ef str-ecr reduko, tur kaf Kamo-temp blul kurre beri tijplaelije eft precnsonentise r, ur kusami stus oblsekec [stgte] ur [pstesek] kerru fara eft sompos rifo mittof precnsonentise r-ecr tijplaos, pek: [strgte] > [stgte], ur [pstersek] > [pstesek]. Ral ef metatesiy hartiyare pij noi.

Ef qulapatjens ki eft generl jeklbos iemze fes ef WS-are, sem kettelira definiere fry k: fara r-metatesiy quefe eft grr-grup mip dur cnsonents, pana ksepterelije blul fes ef opper-zutter kanas rifo ef qulapor are (pek ef vluf granst are) ppla terat dus painelije fes ef lak rifo Nutter-Ales. Fes ef surront rifo eftaliy ur s Afarcal ef informerrs lelperre noi g rhaps frpj vobarsta fara [skrbk] oft [mpra], ur ber Dreumn-belt stus kurro beri recorde calyje eft vobaros fara [fsrjek] furt Fsrc(-kents)! Ef melde jazy terat tvoka ki, den kusami ef diffiyk grr-grup [fsr] quistarolije quf pai ten informerrs. Ef raage tukst kjndos nert pij, l kirro stunne kusami na eft daletiy qu puttos-armt, kerru iftam na eft iolektise qu c.

Fes ef vluf fjoji ares rifo Nutter-Ales, blul albelije ment vluf ur oiba cmpleksa grr-grups, wrtlacc ef trtolos enn metatesiy. Pana rste ment eft pij tijplaos rifo ef r. Kaf Kamo-temp qu ef aiyk tiyn melde ef buch posibla qurstoxuriy, fes ef lak rifo fjoji Nutter-Ales stus cnstatere jojelkimiy crnytre-vobarsta. Fit minker informerrs ber surrondelira Crelco meldo, chalfelira ferbiym fes ef fraji meldelira wufta eft metatesiy, eft r-tijplaos oft ef xloe-pronunset, chg ef chaquinde-upk n emfasiy. Frpj ef painer informe [7] stus recordo fes r stors, eft informerr (72 zempers, SSK) rafanelira, ef sompat vobarsta: [infme], [infme] ur [infrme]. Groft tubs (70 zempers, primitremper) trtolaro calyje ef o-ecr diftngao, ur eup ma reppo [infr:me], ef nediftngeror o fes WS sen realiserilme fara [:]. Eup nert vlmo ef "belastiy" wufta informe, ltiy eup sen nert abarito, ef r meldelira ftiy pstvokelise ur pek qume diftngaoe, ur tenne eup tesso den belt pronunset meldo "hudelira terat" dus belt meraterer ef tiyn.

Nf rhaps tte ber melde den stus dira chalfe metatesiy, ef wufta finnilme lef eft vokel. Mitfami pek eft wufta labore, finnelira lef eft r, fitfara urp [rup], rg [rg], armt [rant], rmiyp [rmp], rgt [rjegt], uftalka. Ne'ma ump ef wefot-xijera fes ef surront rifo Plekotex n Moleije, ef informerrs tto beri albe sest metatesiy-vobarsta. Ef rlo kusamiss veldurs preferero eft r-tijplaos, pek rg [g], rmiyp [mp], uftalka. Kusami ef bzeure pek ki eft kanas rifo ef are, fes t ef zreldurs tte beri lelperre eft serten pallegiffos qu metatesiy lo kettelira (zerfe-grse kusamifuttof frpj ef vro'egios rifo cmpleksa grr-grups).
Iygte rhaps eksistere frpj eft metatesiy, fara qus ef r arfine ziym eft intervokelise w, fitfara luft poertex [powetek] > [pretek], ayrport [awypt] > [arypt] oft eurste [ewuste] > [eruste]. Sest vobarsta letre fes ef pij qulapor are.

Fara eft wufta finne lef ten vokels, ksanutelita wlkn, ur ef rtef vokel tine nert ef ksent, fes ef xloe-mux ef finne-vokel luft pert wuftas nert pronunsere, ltiy ef "intervokelise" w melde ral ef finne-grr. Pana jufte messe, fara ef tentef vokel melde eft mintepotor tiyn ur tine ef fixor ksent, fitfara luft uokke [wo:ke] oft aerrf [we:f], tur kirro mte ef kerru luft gopirus lelpiru wuftas, fitfara iyinke [winke] of ice [wike]. Mittof vobers rifo finne-vokel-tijplaos letre montrk fes hupster kanasz rifo ef WS-are, fitfara fes ef xloe-mux, hinta ber Crelco, St.Manes ur fes cradef srts n zecesz kusamat ef pennfs rifo ef Ygge ur s ef Klinnr. Kusami ef finne-vokel sen pronunsere dres-oaro, kerru fara ef tentef vokel lelperre ef mintepotos. Ber Xals, Dreumn ur s X (pek ef districas roffott mittof neto), pert informerrs chalfo mittof vober rifo vokel-tijplaos lf pf mux, tur lf emfatise mux-uos stus pronunsere ef finne-vokel lo gei raag. Fes eft vluquos klgt ef qulapatjens muo eft fot finne-vokel, fit eft informerra ber Quess tar Dreumn muxo dres-oaro kura [wike] fara eup splnje ice. Rgta eup oske beri reppe riyfain [wike], tur eup probaro beri muxe tiyt ur-oft-oft idem beri albe ef mbiguitiy lef ef painer wike.

Fes ki ef ares, fes mit ef finne-vokels sena pronunsere dres-oaro, ef metatesiy qumec ef r-ex larfinos kaf ef w-ecr posio. Kirro ef pirzof klgts mue: ierrt [ire:t], aerrf [are:f] ur Aermen [aremen].
Fes ki ef ares, fes mit stus tijplae dres-oaro ef finne-vokels, ef metatesiy fes sest wuftas trtole. Kusami ierrt, aerrf ur Aermen drue respekteffiym fara [we:t], [we:f] ur [wemen]. Kf mittof loke effer dur wuftas fes ef wefot-spokndaiy mux-are, feskmpaelira ef blaffos den ps lelperre cr goe koffon finne-vokels is goe r-s, bermarelira kaf metatesiy.
Fes ki ef rijy-ares, fes mit ef tijplaos rifo ef finne-vokel nert crchof'te dres-oaro, ierrt, aerrf ur Aermen sena pronunsere xs iftam it noi lef metatesiy. Kerru kusami ef jufte wet, metatesiy meldelira uf lf emfasiy (janof ef finne-vokel sen pronunsere dus), ur trtolelira lf pf mux (fara ef finne-vokel melde koffon). Ef fini ja "emfasiy" ur "pf mux" sen qurte individuela. Minker informerrs vende kurae pip ef tijplaos rifo ef finne-vokel fara ps chaquinde velk glistippiym lftquar, ur lelpirus finne beri tijplae amii fara hift mux pnze fes pf, ps pnzalira dl net-uneratt. Janof fes sest klgts ef ni dus niye chalfos enn metatesiy cijaze direcc n ef ni dus niye tijplaos enn ef finne-vokel, ur janof eft meanelira oltakos rifo vokel-tijplaos nert crchof'ta mr ef metatesiy-qulapp, dus kusami kirro icecos ral nert lilepiy armt ef.

Tukstfin, gress blompec velk kusamiluft, ef spoknda tiffelira eft h wufta lef eft koffon finne-vokel ur eft pstvokelise r: ef melde yart zt ef enelandes trg ("yard"). Cr fes ef xloe-mux is s WS, blul pronunserelije mittof wufta fara [wat] (oft [wart]), ur stus enn nf tvokas iemze n mittof. Ef metatesiy letre kerru bzovy luft mittof wufta.

Eft rftelira enter melde ef redupliseros, iems ber Ialefer, Iji-zeces, Xt, Qutereeefo ur s Wyndriy (pek ef opper-brt rifo ef qulapor are, fes t ef pegreviy krabare). Mittof redupliseros letre fara ef metatesiy quefui eft r-dublaos fry ef sgema rVrC " rrVC. Mitfami blul japainelije ki eft vokel ja perdr r-s, t varierec rifonn eft v helkara eft tzjet rifo ef klynst vokel. ovsta: rrfiy [rrf] oft [rrf], rrmta [rrnta] oft [rrnta], [8] prart [prrat] oft [prarat], prrpe [prrpe] oft [prrpe]. Ber Qutereeefo insidentela iemzosz jufte, den ef rtef n pstcnsonentise r idefarte: prrpe tinkere [prpe], en crrc idem [krk]. Blul kurre beri pitireppelije mittof idefartos n eft fonologise qurstoxuriy, meldelira fes ef publiyc fara "tijplaos-disimilao" (mip montiyn grrs r tiyn idefarte). [9]

Mittof vober rifo redupliseros nert letre dotoje ef kusamifuttof kimoraror mantas. Dus ten lternateffs melde: (i) metatesiy trtole pij (frpj Kamo-temp kirro ocherecos armt mittof: ef pstvokelise n precnsonentise r idefarte, pek rrfiy [rf], rrmta [rnta], prart [prat], uftalka) oft (ii) eft metatesiy crchof'te, ur ef r-dublaos quefe eft mintepotor pronunset rifo ef, pek [r:]. Blul recordolije ef aiyk enter crstiy ber Troebasrt ur s Troeba a/e Ses, zerfe-grse kerru ef kusamifuttof revertos rifo colrte. ovsta: [r:f], [r:nta], [pr:at].

Tukstfin velk eft rviy kura ki ef pseff roni grse, fes t ef r sen pronunsere iftam fes ef xloe mux, lo pallesrtos helkara fes ef kteff varierer gress, pordel riyfain druelira fara [ges]. Fes pert dalets ef r fes kerru grse trtole: [gse] oft [gs], ur ef monta fl jufte fes ef are, qulap pai kirro. Eft kuragei vober rifo pltqufos iemzolije blul fes r klgt ber ki Drystotall, ber t rast muxo kura [gowes]. Ef informerr lelperro rgta fes ef blef-brenk, den eft r tyrne fes [gs], ur do ochero eft r armt ef, temelira beri chaquinde hudelira, tur paino ef tej lo pstvokelise/precnsonentise ja ef ur s! nos na fort, do redusero mittof r tukst eft v, fitfara gei uf luft tek precnsonentise r, ur tran do xocho ef tergrr [] fes o+e = [owe], janof [] giffec kv blmtiy furt eft r. Ef ampos [] > [owe], kusami crchof'tolira lef mybbe, melde ef kfencatos tiyn rifo ef historise er. [10]

Ef metatesiy, ni dus niye nos-obiyr lef mintepotos, redupliseros oft s tijplaos, quefe tgerami eft mbiguitiy, kat luft port wuftas. Fara oxoddos: rg [rg] ur rg [rg]; srf [srf] > [sf] ur sf [sf]; farte [frate] ur frate [frate]; strt [strt] ur strt [strt]; yrt [ryt] ur ryt [ryt]. Blul dira albelije gei noi sest mbiguitiys, nf chnts di meltilme furt lacrosz. Palles, fara perdr wuftas ove eft semantise rraer, posiblaarelira den blul kurre beri uelije tiymme fes ef monta cntekst, dus trtole uta ef metatesiy, ytende meldelira ulente ef mbiguitiy. Eft informerra mean Plekotex rafano [kos frera m et frater], ur quppo lo msrt, den rast oblskui [frater] fara farter mefrelira "rast affionnoselira ef farte". Noft, eup splnjo crstiy frater "covent-veldur", tur eup styno den splnjui iftam farter frpj [frater] fes eft chaquindos-mip fitfara: [do m et ubfta frater: do hatre pi:tres ur otos] "do melde eft ubfta farter: do hatre pitters ur otos".

Eft lelpiru informerr (mean Xals) rafano den, fara do tupplipavy tjg ef treno helkara Amahagge, dus do reppe riyfain abarit: [et tet frut Amaha:ge], ur den do reppe kv [tret] furt tert, janof [tret] mefre "spf, gedrmta" fes groft dalet. Tej, ef afuler tert mefrelira "huma" pronunserelije pai do iftam riyfain fara [tret], janof ef noftatsrtos lef ef supstantiviy "spf, gedrmta" sen msrte ral. Fit do cnsidero ef senteno [ef tret kponfsto menkerate frut ef lk] lo terat dres-putte-p ki.

Fes mittof rtycla gress nert icec lilepiy armt ki ef qurstoxuriys, mit chalfelije blul ytende meldelira idembiguere mbiguiyn wuftas. Ef idembigueros wrtlacc ef trtolos enn metatesiy perke beri torkelije blul fes eft hupster terat fgo frpj ef uta lidembigueros. Jn Zeese-Ploema ef tiyns qulape fes sener mimpit Idembiguere-qurstoxuriys (Amahagge 1986), ur gress wie tevi ef.


NTS

  1. Fes dena rtycla, fes ef fonetise ugkeos rifo ef ovsta, gress kafsompe ef xloe-pronunset qu pert sv. Blul feskoffelije tuffianto qu witlyrosz rifo mittof xloe-pronunset, fara qu tem harbe fara eft ilustrao luft dena cyspohos. Pirandoka pana bzeure fara finne ef tyror metatesiy-fele, tur kerru ef enters, fgoelira ef fele. Blul xliffaenelije pek nexizjiyn pronunsere-varierers, cr iolektise tiyns is daletiyn cs. Fit fes ef fonetise ugkeos rifo ef quanka Trsviyc blul feskoffelije iftam ef metatesiy rifo [r] > [r] (pek: [trsvk]), tre noi ef rueliran WS-nzjas, fitfara ef -ecr pronunset (tinkere [:]) oft ef s-ecr tiyn (tinkere []). Eft kvpus terat ugkeos rifo ef daletiy pronunset rifo Trsviyc di meldui tenne [tr:vk]. <<

  2. Ef otrs, uelira WS zt stinde-mux, ekspresere ef metatesiy fes ef stinto tjg ef stabsta qruk furt [krk] ur Heqruj furt [hekrj]. Ef q fes ef cmbinao qru melde dus eft rtografise crtiros den feskoffe, ef u druelira fara [], luet n qu fes ef xloe-mux. Mintepotor vokels fes wuftas lef metatesiy kurre beri ekspreserelije riyfainin pai cnsonent-dublaos, se-grse kerrpaine lef kreppaine, se-grse ozyrrkette lef ozrykkette. Mittof rtografise hchos posiblae tjg ef somp luft ch, , h, qu, ur s x, se-grse Terrch lef Trecch (minkers stinde Trechch), s. tarre lef trae, s. qurrqute lef qruqqute, s. epurrx lef epruxx.
    Ef diffiyk fele pnze syliyn frpj ki ef diftngao n tersylabesmiy, mit kaflatelije lo interm pai eft pirzof r, ur mit ekspreserelije nert na-vrk pai rtografise nziys. Fara ef klynst r zaallove pai ef metatesiy, ef diftngao ur tersylabesmiy arfins ekspress lef ln fes ef stabos. Ef cnveno melde den stus feskoffe ef diftngao na eft t, ur ef tersylabesmiy idem na je, s. kors lef krs, s. prsa lef prsa, s. grs lef grjes. Mittof rtografise cnveno melde montiy kaf ef fonologise tiyn. Minker otrs ekspresere ef -ecr tersylabesmiy na eft dres cvyff, fara oxoddos eft pira: grjes sen stinde dus fara grŷs. <<

  3. Lilepiy craelos furt ef vobaros frsa r meldelira *frsa kettelira minkede ber ki Tunbas, ber t ef metatesiy nert letre, tur iftam mittof daletiy wufta (fes ef varierers [fs] oft [fs], tur kv fara *[frs], *[frs] oft flaju fitaju). <<

  4. Fara blul feskoffelije quf cradef WS-carakteristiycs, dus kirro stints: [pp:ta], taufen minker informerrs chalfo eft reduko rifo ef rtef vokel, quefelira [pp:ta]. <<

  5. Isyiy-probarelira, kusami kirro amifftrecos, den yargeloh mittof grr-grups nf distingaa eksistere rifonn ef xloe-mux helkara ef dalet tyr fes dena rtycla. <<

  6. Ef cnsonent-mintepotos noimelde pij fes ef rlo wefot-spokndaiyn dalets, ur amifftre uta, mittof juftelira kerru WS. Blul perke beri cnsiderelije pek ef pronunset [r:] lo ki eft tvoka klgt t zloffare ef metatesiy-surront. Fes cradef lelpiru klgts, kerru ber Troebasrt n Troeba a/e Ses ef wlfa'ecos rifonn "mintepot cnsonent" helkara "mintepot blmtiy vokel" kettelira iemze. Fit kurre sen nert pronunsere fara *[kur:e], tur iftam fara [ku:re], pek fry ef gei juftelira wefot-spokndaiy regliss. Fes ef cnstrueror wufta kulerta, cradef informerrs fes kost zeces chalfo tej vmang eft metatesiy, trnsformerelira [lr] n [r:], pek: [kur:eta], ur noi *[ku:reta] oft *[kulreta]. <<

  7. Informe melde ef wuxe-mux-varierer rifo informere, t melde ef buch posibla vobaros fes WS. <<

  8. Remarce-grse, ef sylabise m fes rrmta sen ampelira mintof ef metatesiy fes ki eft "presr" m, t sen pronunsere fara n tjg ef krab rifo ef klynst t. Mittof [nt]-asimilao melde ki eft nrmala er, t kettelira iemze cr fes ef xloe-mux is s ef rlo dalets (loiy ef kfencatos tiyn: [mp]-asimilao luft ef n, fitfara fes knp [kmp]). <<

  9. Ef tijplaos-disimilao sen nert funtec tukst eft nzjaelira tiyn furt eft qurte spokndaiy dalet. Ef letre jojelkimiy luft ki slg wuxe-mux, fes t ef cmbinao CiCjVCj sen redusere tukst CiVCj, fara oxoddos: Klalb [kalb], sppe [spe]. Mittof enter trtole luft minker grr-grups, fit stat tinkere kv *[sat], fit Tlal tinkere kv *[tal]. Luft Tlal ef wencatos rifo ef l ma melde xratt, tl juftilme r [T]-grr, pek ef kusamiss antrn tiyn nert melde ten montiyn cnsonents, terpx pai eft vokel. Luft stat, st sen ocrme r grr, taufen mittof nert melde pij quf fes ef fonologise bjafniy. Ef farte cupp ef klarbrs rifo dena rtycla, den kirro ice lilepiy armt ef enter rifo tijplaos-disimilao. <<

  10. Mittof informerr (46 zempers yss) lelperre eft terat piye ki qummertaros ur do kurre beri trempe n stinde quoss. Ef plthudelira vobaros [gowes], kelt pai do, tenne kurre beri stutelije teoretise pai do fes nf vluquos wysz. Ef cnstatao melde rftelira, kol ef historise grr-lacs [owe] > [] (nert juftelira me [owe] pellelije pai r) chalfelije pai do fes kfencatos loin. <<

19 jul 2002